Airbus A380 Cockpit Steve Jurvetson, CC BY 2.0 <>, via Wikimedia Commons

Our consultants have extensive experience in the design and implementation of aviation regulatory solutions, both from the Authority and Regulated Community perspectives.

We have effectively implemented elements of the Regulate-Educate-Oversight-Enforce model for a number of clients, inclusive of aviation safety database analyses to understand root causes of events. We understand what works practically, and more importantly we understand what causes undue complications and risk in outcome. We believe that simple, practical solutions supported by tailored education programs create enduring solutions within an environment of continuous improvement.

Our consultants have extensive regulatory, Aviation Safety Management Systems, and civil and military flight crew experience. As ex-Part 21 and Part M engineering and Continuing Airworthiness Management executives; Captains, Training Captains and Check Captains (and equivalents in the military), they have gained significant practical perspectives in the creation and maintenance of effective integrated Flying Management Systems that continue to meet regulatory and quality obligations. Some of our consultants have also been involved in the creation and oversight the EASA-based Defence Aviation Safety Regulation (DASR).

RAAF C-27J Spartan Hpeterswald, CC BY-SA 4.0 <>, via Wikimedia Commons

DEFENCE AIRWORTHINESS COORDINATION AND POLICY AGENCY (ACPA) - Strategic Approach to Flight Operations Regulation Improvement and Oversight

Muru have delivered a strategic management approach to the review and update of extant Flight Operations-related DASR, aiming for a regulatory suite that better and more clearly identifies regulatory hazards and risks, and their associated controls and verification criteria for each implementing regulation.

Muru successfully worked with ACPA to:

  • create a DASA-approved template to guide regulation development and modification, and to record corporate history for each regulation
  • create a simplified Bow Tie Analysis methodology for aviation regulations, to validate purpose, hazards, risks and controls
  • create an ACPA Oversight and Enforcement model and Assurance Manual to capture unique ACPA assurance principles and policies
  • create FLTOPS related training packages related to ACPA assurance principles
  • publish a DASR Style Guide, to capture regulatory development and amendment principles against international benchmarks
  • complete DASR Flight Operations benchmarking against the UK MoD regulations


The Defence Aviation Safety Regulation (DASR) alignment journey continues. Muru assisted ACPA with Flight Operations-related regulation review against DASR Style Guide principles, and with the development of regulatory Bow Tie Analyses. Regulation updates improved current regulation safety outcomes, and simplified their Acceptable Means of Compliance, for both regulatory staff and regulated entities. The task also incorporated the results of DASR Flight Operations benchmarking to the equivalent regulation sets of multiple recognised National Airworthiness Authorities and Military Airworthiness Authorities.

DEFENCE AIRWORTHINESS COORDINATION AND POLICY AGENCY (ACPA) - Introduction of Performance Based Navigation (PBN) and Reduced Vertical Separation Minima (RVSM) to Defence Aviation

PBN and RVSM form part of an internationally-recognised regulatory framework for implementing area navigation, with an emphasis on the utilisation of Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) technology as opposed to traditional reliance upon fixed ground-based navigation aids which are being phased out. All ICAO member nations are introducing PBN and RVSM requirements. These capabilities have the potential to provide increased safety, efficiency and environmental benefits through the optimisation of airspace use. Muru has assisted ACPA to better enable PBN and RVSM technologies in ADF aircraft, including new regulations, processes, and Acceptable Means of Compliance aligned to civil airspace requirements, simplifying Defence PBN and RVSM implementation and use.